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Jotham Okome Arwa: The Law Guru Leading Kenya’s Most Respected Litigation Firm

Arwa is more than just a leading lawyer: He is a law intellectual, law consultant, law author, law manager, law interpreter and law practitioner.



Jotham Okome Arwa, Managing Partner Rachier & Amollo Advocates LLP and Lecturer of Law, JKUAT School of Law

Jotham Okome Arwa stands out as the only Managing Partner of a Kenyan Top-tier Law Firm who also doubles as a leading law intellectual. He is roundly revered in the legal circles as one of the most brilliant and leading legal minds in country and as an advocate who has contributed immensely in shaping jurisprudence and practice of law in Kenya both as a practitioner and law lecturer. Gifted with a sharp, analytical mind, Arwa is a formidable lawyer and an inspiring example for many budding advocates.

Jotham Okome Arwa is the Managing Partner and Head of Legal Consultancy and Commercial Law Department at Rachier & Amollo Advocates LLP, admittedly one of Kenya’s most respected and outstanding litigation law firms in Kenya specializing in corporate law, commercial law, litigation construction law, property law, conveyancing, labour law and aviation law, among others. The firm is home to some of the most sought after legal heavyweights in Kenya including Ambrose D.O. Rachier, Hon Otiende Amollo, SC, Francis Olalo, Stephen Ligunya, Alvin Rachier and Arwa himself, among others.

Jotham Arwa leads a legal team of over 20 lawyers at Rachier & Amollo Advocates which includes 6 partners, over 10 associates and a handful of legal consultants, pupils and paralegals. He has 23 years’ post-admission legal experience and over the years has successfully handled complex and high value legal matters and transactions on behalf of diverse corporate and private clients. He has special interest in corporate commercial law, banking, finance and securities law, taxation and public finance management law and constitutional and human rights law.

Senior Law Lecturer and Seasoned Legal Consultant

Jotham Okome Arwa is a Senior Lecturer at the School of Law, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology. He has also taught law at various universities and institutions in Kenya including University of Nairobi (Medical Law), Kenya School of Monetary Studies (Finance and Banking Law) and Kenya School of Law. He has also undertaken human rights training for senior managers of the Prison Department and Kenya National Commission on Human Rights on the reporting mechanisms under the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights.

In addition to legal practice and teaching law, Arwa is a well-respected and seasoned legal consultant and has handled numerous complex legal consultancy assignments in various aspects of law and gained wealth of experience legal and regulatory frameworks and legislative drafting. Indeed, as head of Legal Consultancy at Rachier & Amollo Advocates, Arwa and his team have handled many legal reform assignments which have left indelible mark in the legal and economic landscape in Kenya, East Africa and beyond.

In the area of financial and securities law, Arwa has consulted for the Capital Markets Authority in a consultancy involving the evaluation of the Capital Markets Legal Regime in Kenya and making recommendations on the Emerging Trends in Financial Services Law and their implications on the future capital markets in Kenya. Arwa also led the legal consultancy team retained to advise on the privatization of Kenya Re-Insurance Corporation culminating in the Initial Public Offer (IPO) of Kenya Re.

In insurance law, Arwa led Rachier & Amollo team in undertaking a legal consultancy for the Government of Kenya to review the legal and regulatory framework governing the Insurance Industry with a view to modernizing all insurance related statutes and aligning the same with the international best practices. He also reviewed the legislative and procedural framework for the establishment and proper functioning of insurance policyholder compensation fund. The eventual output was a Draft Insurance (Amendment) Bill which was enacted into law.

In the medical and human rights sphere, Arwa consulted for the Embassy of Belgium in evaluating the current observance status of the ethical as well as the medico-legal issues relating to HIV/AIDS in Kenya and make recommendations for improvement of legal framework for the fight against HIV/AIDS in Kenya. He also consulted for Federation of Kenya Employers on the development of appropriate guidelines in the area of Human Rights in the workplace and guidelines for use by employers in treatment of persons infected with or affected by HIV/AIDS in the workplace.

Tribunal Chair, Director, Author and Scholar

Due to his standing as a legal authority in legal education, human rights and medical ethics and commercial law, Arwa has served as Director in various institutions including: The Kenya International Freight and Warehousing Association, Kenya Legal and Ethical Issues Network (KELIN) and the Legal Education Forum. Previously, he served as a Member of the National Steering Committee on Fast-tracking HIV Response among Adolescents and Youth appointed by the Cabinet Secretary for Health. Currently, Arwa is the Chairman of the HIV and Aids Tribunal of Kenya.

Arwa’s teaching and consultancy assignments have given him an edge in legal practice especially in medical-legal area and in handling finance and banking transactions and deals. He has also written several books and manuals in these area which serve as guides for other legal practitioners. These include HIV/Aids and Law, Human Rights in the Workplace (Training Manual authored for Federation of Kenya Employers (FKE) and Human Rights and HIV/AIDS (Training Manual for University of Nairobi, Faculty of Medicine).

Arwa has also authored numerous papers and articles on law and practice in the areas of Financial Services Law, Digital Banking, Banking Law, Access to Justice, Corporate Law, Bankruptcy and Insolvency Law and Employment law. His articles have been submitted for publication in peer-reviewed law journals including Harvard Law Journal, University of Nairobi Law Journal, Law Democracy and Development (LLD) Journal of University of Western Cape, JKUAT Law Journal, Lex Mundi World Reports and Commonwealth Legal Education Journal. Arwa has also presented papers in numerous Conferences and forums.

Arwa holds a Bachelor of Laws (LL.B) Degree and Masters of Laws (LLM) Degree from University of Nairobi and a post graduate diploma in law from Kenya School of Law. His LLM Thesis research was on Taxation and Development in a Global Economy. Currently, he is studying for his Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D) Degree in Law. These qualifications have enabled Arwa to maintain a global perspective tempered with local understandings in solving the multifaceted legal problems of his clients who include individuals, government agencies, multinational corporations, Non-governmental organizations, local and foreign Governments.


Dr. Kariuki Muigua and Environmental Dispute Resolution Mandate of PCA




One of Dr. Kariuki Muigua's Recent Environmental Law Books: Nurturing Our Environment for a Green Tomorrow (2023)

Dr. Kariuki Muigua stands out as one of the most distinguished environmental law scholars in Africa and one of the foremost experts in Environmental law, environmental justice, sustainable development and natural resources conflict management in the World today. As a specialist scholar in environmental law and natural resources conflicts management and disputes resolution, Dr. Kariuki Muigua is highly esteemed by many in environmental law and conflict management circles as a scholar, academic, author, dispute resolution expert, mentor and consultant. He is one of the few holders of specialist PhD in Environmental Dispute Resolution which will come handy as he set to play a great role in arbitration of natural resources and environmental disputes under the auspices of the Permanent Court of Arbitration as a member of the premier global dispute resolution body nominated by the Republic of Kenya.

The Permanent Court of Arbitration has developed Optional Rules for Arbitration of Disputes Relating to Natural Resources and/or the Environment that provide for the establishment of a specialized list of arbitrators who are considered to have expertise in the area of Environmental and Natural Resources Dispute Resolution, the specialist area of expertise of Dr. Kariuki Muigua, PhD having handled numerous international Environmental, Oil and gas/Extractives Disputes Arbitrations and Mediations around the World as a Member of ICC, CIArb and LCIA Panels. The Rules also provide for the establishment of a list of scientific and technical experts who may be appointed as expert witnesses pursuant to these Rules. The Members of the Court need not be listed in the Natural Resources and/or the Environment Disputes Resolution List as Parties to such disputes have discretion to also choose from arbitrators listed as Members of the PCA. In any case, parties to a dispute may, but are not obliged to, choose arbitrators, conciliators and expert witnesses from these Panels.

In the last decade, Dr. Muigua has earned the esteem and pride of place among leading scholars and experts for his efforts in research and scholarship in the areas of Environmental and Natural Resources Law, Environmental Law Governance, Human Rights and Constitutionalism, Environmental Justice and Conflict Resolution. He has written extensively and is at the forefront in exploring the nexus between environmental law and human rights, Land and natural resource rights, economic law and policy of governments with regard to environmental law and economics. His research in environmental law and conflict management including dozens of refereed journal articles have received hundreds of scholarly citations in the last five (5) years. He has supervised and examined several PhDs on environmental and natural resources law and conflict management as well as more than a dozen Masters of Law and Arts students specializing in environmental law and policy, dispute resolution and conflict management.

As an author in Environmental Law, Dr. Muigua has authored numerous books and leading textbooks in the area of environmental and natural resources law, justice and dispute resolution. In 2023, Dr. Kariuki Muigua has authored two published books on Sustainable Development and Environmental Management, namely, Realizing True Sustainable Development and Nurturing Our Environment for a Green Tomorrow. In addition, Dr. Muigua has contributed over dozen published book chapters in environmental law and dispute resolution in environmental governance.  He has also published dozen of articles in peer-reviewed local, regional and international journals on environmental law, environmental justice, natural resources management, sustainable development and environmental conflicts/disputes resolution. Dr. Muigua is the Founding and Managing Editor of the Journal of Conflict Management and Sustainable Development now in its eight volume after seven (8) years of publication.

Dr. Kariuki Muigua is also an Environmental Consultant, an Accomplished mediator and a Chartered arbitrator who has resolved numerous disputes touching on natural resources and extractives industry. He works with professionals in the environmental field especially in the areas of Environmental Resources and their management through Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA), Mediation and Public Participation. He served as a Member of the National Environment Tribunal, the lead statutory adjudication body for environmental disputes in Kenya, from 2017 as Nominee of the Law Society of Kenya. Dr. Muigua has also collaborated extensively with various environmental advocacy groups in Kenya and regionally in the setting up of effective policy, legislative and institutional frameworks for the resolution of environmental conflicts. He is an ardent commentator and contributor to debates on sustainable development goals and has worked closely with many stakeholders in the areas of environmental access to Justice.

Dr. Muigua completed his PhD in Law Thesis a decade ago at the University of Nairobi researching on “Resolving Environmental Conflicts in Kenya through Mediation” focusing on the areas of Public Participation, Mediation and Environmental Democracy. His Masters Dissertation was titled “The Resolution of Natural Resource Conflicts in Kenya through Arbitration and Mediation.” He has received widespread training and experience in both international environmental law and alternative dispute resolution and conflict management over the years. Dr. Muigua teaches environmental law at the University of Nairobi Faculty School of Law, Centre for Advanced Studies in Environmental Law and Policy (CASELAP) and the Wangari Maathai Institute for Peace and Environmental Studies in the University of Nairobi. He has also facilitated seminars on Environmental Conflicts and ADR, Environment and Conflict Prevention and Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmental Audit among others. He has written several consultancy reports on environment and natural resources management whose recommendations are in application in Kenya and beyond.

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Kenya Nominates Dr. Kariuki Muigua Member of World’s Premier Arbitral Court




Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) Member Representing Republic of Kenya Dr. Kariuki Muigua, PhD, C.Arb

Africa’s Leading Arbitrator and Kenya’s Top Dispute Resolution Guru Dr. Kariuki Muigua was recently nominated by the Government of the Republic of Kenya as one of its four representative members to the prestigious Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) based at The Hague. This latest accolade has been hailed by peers and legal industry analysts as yet another confirmation that Dr. Muigua has entered and entrenched himself in the exclusive league of international ADR practitioners. Dr. Muigua was not only Africa’s Trustee (2019 to 2022) to the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (CIARB) but was also the first person to win the two highest Arbitration Awards in Africa in the same year. To be sure, in March 2022, Dr. Kariuki Muigua won the African Arbitrator of the Year 2022 and followed it with the African Arbitration Association (AfAA) ADR Practitioner of the Year 2022 in November 2022.

The Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) is the world’s premier Arbitration Institution which enjoys the status of an Intergovernmental Organization. The PCA provides administrative support in international arbitrations involving various combinations of states, state entities, international organizations and private parties. However, its functions are not limited to arbitration and include providing support in other forms of peaceful resolution of international disputes, including mediation, conciliation, and other forms of alternative dispute resolution (ADR). In turn, the members of the Court are potential arbitrators appointed by Contracting Parties. The other Kenyan members of PCA are Prof. Githu Muigai SC (Senior Counsel and Former Attorney General of Kenya now serving his Second Term at PCA), Dr. Kenneth Wyne Mutuma and Dr. Wilfred Mutubwa. Past Kenyan Members of PCA include Former Attorney General of Kenya and Busia Senator Hon Amos Wako SC, Former Chief Justice of Kenya Hon Dr. Willy Mutunga and First African Woman Member of International Law Commission since inception in 1947 Prof. Phoebe Okowa.

In view of this, there is no doubt the nomination of Dr. Kariuki by the Republic of Kenya as a Contracting Party state is proof that he meets the criteria for nominees which includes “known competency in questions of international law, of the highest moral reputation and disposed to accept the duties of arbitrators” as “Members of the Court.” Membership of PCA is so highly that in addition to forming a panel of potential arbitrators, the Members of the Court from each Contracting Party constitute a “national group,” which is entitled to nominate candidates for the election to the International Court of Justice in accordance with article 4(1) of the Statute of the International Court of Justice. In addition, the Members of the Court (along with the judges of the ICJ) are among a handful of groups entitled to nominate candidates for the Nobel Peace Prize.

The PCA itself offers a detailed profile of Dr. Kariuki Muigua as a justification of why he is one of the only four Kenyans who have been entrusted with this high office for a renewable term of six years. According to the PCA Website, “Dr. KARIUKI MUIGUA, PhD, C.Arb. Dr. Kariuki Muigua is a distinguished law scholar, Environmental Consultant, an accomplished mediator and a Chartered Arbitrator. He is a holder of a Ph. D in law from the University of Nairobi and with widespread training and experience in both international and national commercial arbitration and mediation. He served as the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (CIArb) Regional Trustee for Africa from 2019 to 2022.” The Permanent Court of Arbitration adds that Dr. Kariuki Muigua “is an Advocate of the High Court of Kenya of over 33 years standing and practicing at Kariuki Muigua & Co. Advocates. He has on various occasions been appointed by leading arbitral institutions including the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (CIArb-Kenya), the Nairobi Centre for International Arbitration (NCIA), the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) and the London Court of International Arbitration (LCIA) among other institutions, as both as a sole arbitrator and a member of arbitral tribunals in arbitrations involving commercial disputes.

The Court goes on to list the prestigious awards Dr. Kariuki Muigua has garnered over the years. It notes that: “He became the first winner of the Inaugural CIArb (Kenya Branch) ADR Lifetime Achievement Award 2021. He was also the winner of the ADR Practitioner of the Year Award 2021 given by the Nairobi LSK and the ADR Publisher of the Year 2021 awarded by CIArb Kenya. He was the winner of the African Arbitrator of the Year 2022 award at the 3rd African Arbitration Awards held at Kigali Rwanda beating other competitors from Egypt, Mauritius, Ethiopia, Nigeria and Kenya. The African Arbitrator of the Year award is the highest and most prestigious ADR and Arbitration Award in Africa.” As already noted, Dr. Kariuki Muigua was also the winner of the African Arbitration Association (AfAA) ADR Practitioner of the Year 2022 in November 2022.

The Hague court also acknowledges that its Member Dr. Kariuki Muigua is prolific and published author and that “his book, Settling Disputes through Arbitration in Kenya, 4th Edition; Glenwood publishers 2022, was awarded the Publication of the Year Award 2022…. He is the author of Alternative Dispute Resolution and Access to Justice in Kenya, (Glenwood Publishers, Nairobi, 2015) and Resolving Conflicts through Mediation in Kenya, (Glenwood Publishers, Nairobi, 2013) among other books.” Indeed, more than any other African Intellectual and Practitioner, Dr. Kariuki Muigua stands out as the leading author, editor and publisher in Environmental Law and Alternative Dispute Resolution with more than a dozen books and over 200 peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters to his name in those areas. For his status as a leading expert and practitioner in Environmental Law in Kenya he was nominated by his peers and colleagues in Law Society of Kenya to represent them as a member of the National Environment Tribunal (NET) of Kenya, recently awarded the best performing Tribunal in Kenya for handling the most cases.

In 2023, Chambers and Partners Global Guide, for the third year in a row, ranked Dr. Kariuki Muigua Ph.D in Band 1 of Dispute Resolution (Arbitrators), among the Top 6 Arbitrators in Kenya for his “astute understanding of arbitration,” being “respected for his handling of litigation,” and having “a practice that touches upon commercial, constitutional and environmental law.” In 2022, Chambers and Partners Partners had also ranked Dr. Muigua in Band 1 noting that “He has been involved in several ground-breaking arbitrations,” “has an astute understanding of arbitration” and “is respected for litigation.”

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Legal 500 Recognizes Dominic Indokhomi as Leading Individual in Banking and Finance




Dominic Indokhomi, Bowmans Partner and the Leading Fintech Lawyer in Kenya

The Legal 500 EMEA 2023 Edition has recognized Bowmans Partner Dominic Indokhomi as one of the Top Ten (10) Leading Individuals in Kenya in Banking, Finance and Capital Markets. According to the world’s leading legal directory, Dominic is “noted for his vast experience in banking and finance and fintech work.” Bowmans is listed in Tier 1 in Banking, Finance and Capital Markets with its Practice Head Cornelius Kigera and Managing Partner Paras Shah also making it to the coveted Leading Individuals in Banking, Finance and Capital Markets list alongside Dominic.

Dominic is a Partner in Bowmans Nairobi office and a member of the firm’s General Finance and Real Estate practice. He has vast experience in banking and finance (including documentation of financial transactions, securities and debt restructuring), financial services and regulatory services (including insurance, capital markets, and retirement benefits), fintech (including payment services, digital lending, digital banking, insurtech and block chain), data protection regulations, and real estate transactions.

He has advised the Government of Kenya, the East African Community and several local and international banks and financial institutions, lenders, corporates, individual clients and other entities seeking to provide or raise or structure various forms of finance. He also regularly advises banks and financial institutions, insurance companies and intermediaries, capital markets intermediaries, payment service providers on set up and regulatory advice.

Dominic is acknowledged as one of the leading and knowledgeable lawyers on Fintech Law in Kenya and East Africa. He advised Commercial Bank of Africa (now NCBA) in relation to regulatory approval of the Fuliza product, the innovative mass lending product that allows all mobile money (M-Pesa) customers to overdraw on their e-wallets (M-Pesa wallet) to pay for goods or services in the event of insufficient funds.

Some of the clients that Dominic has advised include international and multilateral financial institutions (such as IFC, AfDB, DFC, TDB, Standard Chartered and Citibank), local banks and financial institutions (such as Stanbic Bank Kenya Limited, Equity Bank Kenya Limited, KCB Bank Kenya Limited, Absa Bank Kenya Limited), leading Fintech companies (such as Mastercard, Visa, PayPal, Stripe and Coinbase), and leading corporates (such as Britam Holdings Plc, Safaricom Plc and East African Breweries Limited).

In addition to the recognition by the Legal 500, Dominic has been ranked as Up and Coming Lawyer in the Banking and Finance (Kenya) category in 2022-2023 as well as in Band 3 for FinTech Legal (Kenya), in by Chambers and Partners Global Guide. The IFLR1000’s Financial and Corporate Guide rated Dominic as a Highly Regarded Lawyer for his work in Banking and finance in Kenya in its 2022 publication.

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