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The Late “Dr.” Evans Monari: Tribute to a Legendary Litigation Lawyer

Evans was recognized as a “senior and prominent” advocate and “a result-oriented and natural leader.”



The Late Evans Monari, Senior Disputes and Arbitrations Partner, Bowmans.

Evans Monari was neither the richest lawyer, nor the most famous lawyer, in Kenya: He was simply one of the best lawyers who have ever practiced law in Kenya, one who was most admired, in court and out of court, as a counsel blessed with a most personable demeanor and who, despite his obvious and undeniable success, carried himself with a rare air of humility, uncommon among storied lawyers of our generation. Ranked amongst the top 25 dispute resolution lawyers in Kenya by Chambers Global 2021, it shall never be in doubt that, in his 34 years of excellent bar-raising legal practice, Evans earned his place at the very top of the noble profession in Kenya and beyond. He was described as a “very able man” who provided a “very professional service and expertise.”

The World Leading Lawyer Ranking Directory, Chambers & Partners, variously acclaimed Evans as a Lawyer who was “an established presence in the Kenyan legal community,” a “strong presence in the courtroom,” “valued by clients for his strategic approach” and “instructed on a range of high-profile litigations and arbitrations.” He was recognized as a “senior and prominent” advocate who was “a result-oriented and natural leader,” and a “popular choice of counsel in issues of constitutional and judicial significance.” As the Senior Disputes and Arbitrations Partner at Bowmans, The Legal 500 in 2021, noted Evans Monari was “at the forefront of constitutional and judicial review cases.”

In his legendary litigation career, Evans was noted for, acting on behalf of the Government of Kenya in international arbitration proceedings filed at ICSID by a foreign investor for damage due to revocation of an energy contract with Freshfields Bruckhaus and Deringer as co-counsel. He also acted for Strabag International GMBH Limited in a breach of a construction contract case. He successfully represented AVIC International in a challenge seeking to halt the development of Nairobi’s largest mixed use skyscraper project. He also was the Lead Defense Counsel at the International Criminal Court in respect of Gen. Hussein Mohammed and later joined the Defence of H.E. Uhuru Kenyatta, President of the Republic of Kenya.

Indeed, Evans Monari was the proverbial lawyer whose gift made room for him and brought him before great men. As testament of his greatness and astuteness in litigation, Evans counted the incumbent President among his many repeat clients. As if to justify why, despite having the best of lawyers at his beck and call, he kept going back to Evans for legal counsel and representation, the Head of State President H.E. Uhuru Kenyatta described him on his passing as “one of our country’s leading lawyers who distinguished himself as a dependable resource as seen from his successes.” The Deputy President, H.E. Dr. William Ruto, added that “Evans Monari was a farsighted visionary lawyer with Supreme knowledge of the Constitution and the law.”

Hon Justice Martha Koome, Chief Justice and President of the Supreme Court of Kenya, mourned Evans: “I have known Evans for the last 38 years since we met as first year law students at the University of Nairobi…In Evans, lay this gallant and astute lawyer, who represented the high, the mighty and even the poor who consulted him, with equal measure of care and professionalism… one of our best lawyers who contributed immensely by mentoring upcoming lawyers and was a great model.” Supreme Court Judge, Justice Njoki Ndung’u added that Evans was “a good person [who was] always smiling through thick and thin… a true and trusted friend.”

Former Prime Minister of Kenya Raila Odinga against whom Evans represented the President and his Deputy in two Presidential Election Petitions said “Counsel Monari was a man with a brilliant mind, a generous heart and a lively spirit” who had an “illustrious legal career.” Interior CS Dr. Fred Matiang’i noted Evans as “an active and vibrant lawyer who distinguished himself in an impressive career.” Senate Minority Leader and Senior Counsel Senator James Orengo said with the passing of Evans, “the legal fraternity had an illustrious and dedicated professional.” Former Majority Leader Senator Kipchumba Murkomen termed Evans A brilliant lawyer. A mentor to many. A gentle soul.”

Prominent Lawyer and Evans best friend, Donald B. Kipkorir, Managing Partner of KTK Advocates, gushed: “Evans Monari, Dr. Evans Monari as we called him… was a giant in every sense: Super clever, Humorous, Generous, Humble.” The Publisher of the Nairobi Law Monthly and Former President of LSK, Senior Counsel Ahmednasir Abdullahi confessed: “Fresh from Law School, Evans Monari took me under his wings and introduced me to Legal practice 101. Great Soul, a great human being…” Former JSC Commissioner Prof. Tom Ojienda, a friend of Evans, called him a legal titan.” Stanford Moyo, President of International Bar Association, described Evans as “a brilliant lawyer, a good man and a friend.

LSK Vice President Caroline Kamende hailed Evans as “A legal icon …An astute legal mind. An amiable person, friend and a mentor to many.” Lawyer Mary Wangari, Group Executive Director, Equity Group Holdings, called him A fine lawyer and gentleman.” Chacha Odera, Senior Partner at Oraro & Company, noted: “Evans will be remembered as an amiable and great lawyer. He will be immortalized by his contribution to the legal profession.” Joseph Githaiga, Head of Legal & Regulatory Compliance, PwC Kenya “Evans was known for his intelligence, wit and flair …a friend and mentor to many in the legal profession.” Africa PE (Private Equity) News said “Evans was a gallant and astute legal practitioner.” Jacqueline Lule, Legal Officer, United Nations said:Glad to have known and worked with you. Casual, unfussy brilliance at its best.” Dr. Muthomi Thiankolu, Partner at Muthomi & Karanja Advocates, summed Evans as a legal legend.”

The towering humility of Evans Monari is borne out in the heartfelt commiseration of his former pupils and juniors. Ibrahim Godofa, a current Trainee Lawyers at Bowmans, Kenya who enjoyed the tutelage of Evans most recently underscored his humility: “Many have mentioned how humble Evans was. I will fondly remember every moment at numerous arbitration conferences when he would take some time, lean in and hear me out – often followed by great nuggets of a practitioner’s wisdom. I was just a naive student then but I doubt whether that made any difference to him.”

Director of Public Policy-Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) at MasterCard, George Owuor, a former Pupil of Evans Monari, added that he was “a guiding light starting from pupillage and have continued to be a valued and dependable friend in this journey of life” Sean Omondi, Partner at Ronn Law Advocates LLP, who worked under Evans for 16 years at Daly & Figgis (now CMS Daly Inamdar) and Bowmans eulogized him in these words: “You gave and shared consistently without tiring – time, friendship, happiness, wit, laughter, opportunities, resources, connections, solutions… name it. You were always willing to sacrifice something for someone else’s comfort…You treated many of us as equals even though you were miles ahead and head and shoulders above the rest of us. You forgave and forgot whenever you were let down. You always seemed to see the bigger picture.”

The good humour of Evans Monari is what saw him collect the title of “Doctor” when his friend, the Former Attorney General, Senior Counsel Githu Muigai, became a professor, only to end up sticking with it. He also had the gift of the gab which made him the natural choice for master of ceremony at many functions. According to a colleague, one of the hilarious jokes in Evans’s repertoire was about “the fruitful (pun intended) discussions” at the diplomatic meeting in the 1980s between a representative of the Government of Kenya, Cabinet Minister Mukasa Mango and the then Zimbabwean Head of State President Canaan Banana.

Born in 20th October, 1962, Evans Monari graduated from the University of Nairobi with Bachelor of Laws (LL.B) in 1986, completed his diploma in Law from Kenya School of Law in 1987 and joined Kaplan & Stratton for his pupilage under the tutelage of Senior Counsel Pheroze Nowrojee. Later, he joined the firm of Oraro and Rachier Advocates (which has since split into two iconic law firms) and later worked at Simani & Co. Advocates, Mboya Advocates, State Law Office and briefly at the Museum of Kenya. Then, Evans joined others to form Sunkuli, Ogetto & Monari Advocates from where he joined Daly & Figgis as a Partner at the turn of the Millennium. Lastly, Evans joined Bowmans and served as the Senior Disputes and Arbitration Partner, till his demise.

Richard Harney, Founding Partner of Coulson Harney (Bowmans, Kenya), highlighted the contribution of Evans at Bowmans: “Evans nurtured our young lawyers, worked alongside our lawyers, and gave confidence to our partners that with him on our side, things will go well.” Paras Shah, Managing Partner of Bowmans Kenya, added: “Daktari, you were a legend. You have left an indelible mark on the legal profession and on your law firm …You lit up our offices. You inspired us. You led us. You strengthened us.” Ezra Davids, Chairman and Senior Partner at Bowmans, concluded: “Go well Evans! You have left your mark. Thank you for sharing your great talent with us as your colleagues, and with our clients. We are eternally grateful.


Dr. Kariuki Muigua and Environmental Dispute Resolution Mandate of PCA




One of Dr. Kariuki Muigua's Recent Environmental Law Books: Nurturing Our Environment for a Green Tomorrow (2023)

Dr. Kariuki Muigua stands out as one of the most distinguished environmental law scholars in Africa and one of the foremost experts in Environmental law, environmental justice, sustainable development and natural resources conflict management in the World today. As a specialist scholar in environmental law and natural resources conflicts management and disputes resolution, Dr. Kariuki Muigua is highly esteemed by many in environmental law and conflict management circles as a scholar, academic, author, dispute resolution expert, mentor and consultant. He is one of the few holders of specialist PhD in Environmental Dispute Resolution which will come handy as he set to play a great role in arbitration of natural resources and environmental disputes under the auspices of the Permanent Court of Arbitration as a member of the premier global dispute resolution body nominated by the Republic of Kenya.

The Permanent Court of Arbitration has developed Optional Rules for Arbitration of Disputes Relating to Natural Resources and/or the Environment that provide for the establishment of a specialized list of arbitrators who are considered to have expertise in the area of Environmental and Natural Resources Dispute Resolution, the specialist area of expertise of Dr. Kariuki Muigua, PhD having handled numerous international Environmental, Oil and gas/Extractives Disputes Arbitrations and Mediations around the World as a Member of ICC, CIArb and LCIA Panels. The Rules also provide for the establishment of a list of scientific and technical experts who may be appointed as expert witnesses pursuant to these Rules. The Members of the Court need not be listed in the Natural Resources and/or the Environment Disputes Resolution List as Parties to such disputes have discretion to also choose from arbitrators listed as Members of the PCA. In any case, parties to a dispute may, but are not obliged to, choose arbitrators, conciliators and expert witnesses from these Panels.

In the last decade, Dr. Muigua has earned the esteem and pride of place among leading scholars and experts for his efforts in research and scholarship in the areas of Environmental and Natural Resources Law, Environmental Law Governance, Human Rights and Constitutionalism, Environmental Justice and Conflict Resolution. He has written extensively and is at the forefront in exploring the nexus between environmental law and human rights, Land and natural resource rights, economic law and policy of governments with regard to environmental law and economics. His research in environmental law and conflict management including dozens of refereed journal articles have received hundreds of scholarly citations in the last five (5) years. He has supervised and examined several PhDs on environmental and natural resources law and conflict management as well as more than a dozen Masters of Law and Arts students specializing in environmental law and policy, dispute resolution and conflict management.

As an author in Environmental Law, Dr. Muigua has authored numerous books and leading textbooks in the area of environmental and natural resources law, justice and dispute resolution. In 2023, Dr. Kariuki Muigua has authored two published books on Sustainable Development and Environmental Management, namely, Realizing True Sustainable Development and Nurturing Our Environment for a Green Tomorrow. In addition, Dr. Muigua has contributed over dozen published book chapters in environmental law and dispute resolution in environmental governance.  He has also published dozen of articles in peer-reviewed local, regional and international journals on environmental law, environmental justice, natural resources management, sustainable development and environmental conflicts/disputes resolution. Dr. Muigua is the Founding and Managing Editor of the Journal of Conflict Management and Sustainable Development now in its eight volume after seven (8) years of publication.

Dr. Kariuki Muigua is also an Environmental Consultant, an Accomplished mediator and a Chartered arbitrator who has resolved numerous disputes touching on natural resources and extractives industry. He works with professionals in the environmental field especially in the areas of Environmental Resources and their management through Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA), Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA), Mediation and Public Participation. He served as a Member of the National Environment Tribunal, the lead statutory adjudication body for environmental disputes in Kenya, from 2017 as Nominee of the Law Society of Kenya. Dr. Muigua has also collaborated extensively with various environmental advocacy groups in Kenya and regionally in the setting up of effective policy, legislative and institutional frameworks for the resolution of environmental conflicts. He is an ardent commentator and contributor to debates on sustainable development goals and has worked closely with many stakeholders in the areas of environmental access to Justice.

Dr. Muigua completed his PhD in Law Thesis a decade ago at the University of Nairobi researching on “Resolving Environmental Conflicts in Kenya through Mediation” focusing on the areas of Public Participation, Mediation and Environmental Democracy. His Masters Dissertation was titled “The Resolution of Natural Resource Conflicts in Kenya through Arbitration and Mediation.” He has received widespread training and experience in both international environmental law and alternative dispute resolution and conflict management over the years. Dr. Muigua teaches environmental law at the University of Nairobi Faculty School of Law, Centre for Advanced Studies in Environmental Law and Policy (CASELAP) and the Wangari Maathai Institute for Peace and Environmental Studies in the University of Nairobi. He has also facilitated seminars on Environmental Conflicts and ADR, Environment and Conflict Prevention and Environmental Impact Assessment and Environmental Audit among others. He has written several consultancy reports on environment and natural resources management whose recommendations are in application in Kenya and beyond.

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Kenya Nominates Dr. Kariuki Muigua Member of World’s Premier Arbitral Court




Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) Member Representing Republic of Kenya Dr. Kariuki Muigua, PhD, C.Arb

Africa’s Leading Arbitrator and Kenya’s Top Dispute Resolution Guru Dr. Kariuki Muigua was recently nominated by the Government of the Republic of Kenya as one of its four representative members to the prestigious Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) based at The Hague. This latest accolade has been hailed by peers and legal industry analysts as yet another confirmation that Dr. Muigua has entered and entrenched himself in the exclusive league of international ADR practitioners. Dr. Muigua was not only Africa’s Trustee (2019 to 2022) to the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (CIARB) but was also the first person to win the two highest Arbitration Awards in Africa in the same year. To be sure, in March 2022, Dr. Kariuki Muigua won the African Arbitrator of the Year 2022 and followed it with the African Arbitration Association (AfAA) ADR Practitioner of the Year 2022 in November 2022.

The Permanent Court of Arbitration (PCA) is the world’s premier Arbitration Institution which enjoys the status of an Intergovernmental Organization. The PCA provides administrative support in international arbitrations involving various combinations of states, state entities, international organizations and private parties. However, its functions are not limited to arbitration and include providing support in other forms of peaceful resolution of international disputes, including mediation, conciliation, and other forms of alternative dispute resolution (ADR). In turn, the members of the Court are potential arbitrators appointed by Contracting Parties. The other Kenyan members of PCA are Prof. Githu Muigai SC (Senior Counsel and Former Attorney General of Kenya now serving his Second Term at PCA), Dr. Kenneth Wyne Mutuma and Dr. Wilfred Mutubwa. Past Kenyan Members of PCA include Former Attorney General of Kenya and Busia Senator Hon Amos Wako SC, Former Chief Justice of Kenya Hon Dr. Willy Mutunga and First African Woman Member of International Law Commission since inception in 1947 Prof. Phoebe Okowa.

In view of this, there is no doubt the nomination of Dr. Kariuki by the Republic of Kenya as a Contracting Party state is proof that he meets the criteria for nominees which includes “known competency in questions of international law, of the highest moral reputation and disposed to accept the duties of arbitrators” as “Members of the Court.” Membership of PCA is so highly that in addition to forming a panel of potential arbitrators, the Members of the Court from each Contracting Party constitute a “national group,” which is entitled to nominate candidates for the election to the International Court of Justice in accordance with article 4(1) of the Statute of the International Court of Justice. In addition, the Members of the Court (along with the judges of the ICJ) are among a handful of groups entitled to nominate candidates for the Nobel Peace Prize.

The PCA itself offers a detailed profile of Dr. Kariuki Muigua as a justification of why he is one of the only four Kenyans who have been entrusted with this high office for a renewable term of six years. According to the PCA Website, “Dr. KARIUKI MUIGUA, PhD, C.Arb. Dr. Kariuki Muigua is a distinguished law scholar, Environmental Consultant, an accomplished mediator and a Chartered Arbitrator. He is a holder of a Ph. D in law from the University of Nairobi and with widespread training and experience in both international and national commercial arbitration and mediation. He served as the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (CIArb) Regional Trustee for Africa from 2019 to 2022.” The Permanent Court of Arbitration adds that Dr. Kariuki Muigua “is an Advocate of the High Court of Kenya of over 33 years standing and practicing at Kariuki Muigua & Co. Advocates. He has on various occasions been appointed by leading arbitral institutions including the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators (CIArb-Kenya), the Nairobi Centre for International Arbitration (NCIA), the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) and the London Court of International Arbitration (LCIA) among other institutions, as both as a sole arbitrator and a member of arbitral tribunals in arbitrations involving commercial disputes.

The Court goes on to list the prestigious awards Dr. Kariuki Muigua has garnered over the years. It notes that: “He became the first winner of the Inaugural CIArb (Kenya Branch) ADR Lifetime Achievement Award 2021. He was also the winner of the ADR Practitioner of the Year Award 2021 given by the Nairobi LSK and the ADR Publisher of the Year 2021 awarded by CIArb Kenya. He was the winner of the African Arbitrator of the Year 2022 award at the 3rd African Arbitration Awards held at Kigali Rwanda beating other competitors from Egypt, Mauritius, Ethiopia, Nigeria and Kenya. The African Arbitrator of the Year award is the highest and most prestigious ADR and Arbitration Award in Africa.” As already noted, Dr. Kariuki Muigua was also the winner of the African Arbitration Association (AfAA) ADR Practitioner of the Year 2022 in November 2022.

The Hague court also acknowledges that its Member Dr. Kariuki Muigua is prolific and published author and that “his book, Settling Disputes through Arbitration in Kenya, 4th Edition; Glenwood publishers 2022, was awarded the Publication of the Year Award 2022…. He is the author of Alternative Dispute Resolution and Access to Justice in Kenya, (Glenwood Publishers, Nairobi, 2015) and Resolving Conflicts through Mediation in Kenya, (Glenwood Publishers, Nairobi, 2013) among other books.” Indeed, more than any other African Intellectual and Practitioner, Dr. Kariuki Muigua stands out as the leading author, editor and publisher in Environmental Law and Alternative Dispute Resolution with more than a dozen books and over 200 peer-reviewed journal articles and book chapters to his name in those areas. For his status as a leading expert and practitioner in Environmental Law in Kenya he was nominated by his peers and colleagues in Law Society of Kenya to represent them as a member of the National Environment Tribunal (NET) of Kenya, recently awarded the best performing Tribunal in Kenya for handling the most cases.

In 2023, Chambers and Partners Global Guide, for the third year in a row, ranked Dr. Kariuki Muigua Ph.D in Band 1 of Dispute Resolution (Arbitrators), among the Top 6 Arbitrators in Kenya for his “astute understanding of arbitration,” being “respected for his handling of litigation,” and having “a practice that touches upon commercial, constitutional and environmental law.” In 2022, Chambers and Partners Partners had also ranked Dr. Muigua in Band 1 noting that “He has been involved in several ground-breaking arbitrations,” “has an astute understanding of arbitration” and “is respected for litigation.”

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Legal 500 Recognizes Dominic Indokhomi as Leading Individual in Banking and Finance




Dominic Indokhomi, Bowmans Partner and the Leading Fintech Lawyer in Kenya

The Legal 500 EMEA 2023 Edition has recognized Bowmans Partner Dominic Indokhomi as one of the Top Ten (10) Leading Individuals in Kenya in Banking, Finance and Capital Markets. According to the world’s leading legal directory, Dominic is “noted for his vast experience in banking and finance and fintech work.” Bowmans is listed in Tier 1 in Banking, Finance and Capital Markets with its Practice Head Cornelius Kigera and Managing Partner Paras Shah also making it to the coveted Leading Individuals in Banking, Finance and Capital Markets list alongside Dominic.

Dominic is a Partner in Bowmans Nairobi office and a member of the firm’s General Finance and Real Estate practice. He has vast experience in banking and finance (including documentation of financial transactions, securities and debt restructuring), financial services and regulatory services (including insurance, capital markets, and retirement benefits), fintech (including payment services, digital lending, digital banking, insurtech and block chain), data protection regulations, and real estate transactions.

He has advised the Government of Kenya, the East African Community and several local and international banks and financial institutions, lenders, corporates, individual clients and other entities seeking to provide or raise or structure various forms of finance. He also regularly advises banks and financial institutions, insurance companies and intermediaries, capital markets intermediaries, payment service providers on set up and regulatory advice.

Dominic is acknowledged as one of the leading and knowledgeable lawyers on Fintech Law in Kenya and East Africa. He advised Commercial Bank of Africa (now NCBA) in relation to regulatory approval of the Fuliza product, the innovative mass lending product that allows all mobile money (M-Pesa) customers to overdraw on their e-wallets (M-Pesa wallet) to pay for goods or services in the event of insufficient funds.

Some of the clients that Dominic has advised include international and multilateral financial institutions (such as IFC, AfDB, DFC, TDB, Standard Chartered and Citibank), local banks and financial institutions (such as Stanbic Bank Kenya Limited, Equity Bank Kenya Limited, KCB Bank Kenya Limited, Absa Bank Kenya Limited), leading Fintech companies (such as Mastercard, Visa, PayPal, Stripe and Coinbase), and leading corporates (such as Britam Holdings Plc, Safaricom Plc and East African Breweries Limited).

In addition to the recognition by the Legal 500, Dominic has been ranked as Up and Coming Lawyer in the Banking and Finance (Kenya) category in 2022-2023 as well as in Band 3 for FinTech Legal (Kenya), in by Chambers and Partners Global Guide. The IFLR1000’s Financial and Corporate Guide rated Dominic as a Highly Regarded Lawyer for his work in Banking and finance in Kenya in its 2022 publication.

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